Many thanks for the valuable information, drawings, photographs and videos

Australian Center for International Agricultural Research

ACIAR is an arm of the Australian Government’s Official Development Assistance Program. Its charter is to commission research that leads to more productive and sustainable agriculture through collaborative projects involving Australia and developing-country partners.

Agrifutures Australia

AgriFutures Australia is the new trading name for Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC), a statutory authority of the Federal Government established by the Primary Industries Research and Development Act 1989.
AgriFutures is a trade mark owned by Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC).

Advantage Information Management

Casado Internet Group, also known as Advantage Information Management, is working hard every day to bring you a combination of the greatest of Ambergris Caye and the latest in Internet technology. We all share a love of the island, and feel that the people of Ambergris Caye should have an opportunity to tell the story of their island as they wish. As this site grows, you'll find many Ambergris Caye residents adding their words, pictures, art, movies and sounds here.

Aggie Horticulture®

Aggie Horticulture® and the other servers of the Aggie Horticulture® Network are information providers of the Texas A&M University System Horticulture program, including the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Texas A&M University, Texas A&M Agrilife Research, and the Texas A&M Agrilife Extension, referred to collectively as Texas A&M Agrilife.

Agroforestry, Trees of Life, Trees for Life

Agroforestry Net, Inc. is a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing educational resources about agroforestry, trees, and sustainable stewardship of land and water. Free publications i.e. traditional Tree Profiles ( and Specialty Crops for Pacific Island Agroforesty are available for download.

Art and photo journals dedicated to the preservation and restoration of the whole world of creation, humans, animals and the environment.

AnthroMed Library is a Repository Website for articles relating to Anthroposophic Medicine, sponsored by The Physicians' Association for Anthroposophic Medicine (PAAM). The library has over 600 articles, documents and research papers and books.

Archives of the Rare Fruit Council of Australia

These archives are the work of Pat Scott from Western Australia who created this website for all of us.
Project initiated by Sheryl Backhouse from the Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Qld Inc. Mission statement: To rescue the information compiled by members of The Rare Fruit Council of Australia, which was published in newsletters between March 1980 and August 2002, and to make this information publically available.

Arthur Lee Jacobson
My Plant of the Month Series

Writer of 8 books and multiple articles reflecting his interests and expertise spanning 30 years. Plant expert, most knowledgeable about ornamental trees, the wild flora of greater Seattle (both native and otherwise), and edible plants (wild and cultivated). He is also a publisher, teacher and lecturer, photographer and does consulting work and hands-on pruning and garden work in Seattle.

Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Institute for Systematic Botany

The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants is a joint effort by the Institute for Systematic Botany, the University of South Florida and the Florida Center for Community Design + Research to provide users with a comprehensive searchable database of vascular plants in the State of Florida.

Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge.
The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life (

Biodiversity International

Bioversity International is a global research-for-development organization. We have a vision – that agricultural biodiversity nourishes people and sustains the planet.
We deliver scientific evidence, management practices and policy options to use and safeguard agricultural and tree biodiversity to attain global food and nutrition security.

Bluegrass Woodland

This website provides materials for Natural History and Conservation Planning in the Ohio Valley.

Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health is the Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia. It is comprised of,,,, and

Center for Agriculture and Biosciences International

CABI (Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International) is an international not-for-profit organization that improves people’s lives worldwide by providing information and applying scientific expertise to solve problems in agriculture and the environment.

College of Agriculture and Environmental Science

University of Georgia, College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences (CAES)

California Department of Food and Agriculture

The California Department of Food and Agriculture strives to support the tradition of innovation and agricultural diversity by working with private industry, academia and public sector agencies. These partnerships allow the department to adapt public policy to a rapidly changing industry - California agriculture.

Cake Makers To The Stars - Blog

Kittee's recipes etc.

California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc

Founded in 1968, the California Rare Fruit Growers (CRFG) is the largest amateur fruit-growing organization in the world. Its mission is to share knowledge acquired from its activities with home growers in particular and with anyone else in the world having an interest in edible plant cultivation. presents free online books on various topics

Clemson Cooperative Extension

South Carolina Cooperative Extension is based at the state’s two land-grant institutions — Clemson University and South Carolina State University.

Crops Review
This site provides information on the basics, advances, and practices in crop agriculture or crop farming, the branch of agriculture which deals with crop production. It also deals with subjects in related and component fields such as botany, genetics, plant physiology, plant propagation, and farming systems.

Cook Islands Biodiversity & Natural Heritage Trust

The Project is a program of the Cook Islands Government: a) to collect and integrate scientific and traditional information on local plants and animals; and b) to preserve such information, and make it available to the general public. The Project has a permanent research staff of one.


College of tropical agriculture and human resources (CTAHR). The founding college of the University of Hawai'i, established 1907

Dave Wilson Nursery

Welcome to Fruit Tube! Movies about growing and caring for fruit trees, blueberries & grapevines, from the experts at Dave Wilson Nursery!

Earth-Kind® Landscaping

Earth-Kind® Landscaping uses research-proven techniques to provide maximum garden and landscape enjoyment while preserving and protecting the environment. Part of © Texas A&M University System.

Eat The Weeds and other things, too

Green Deane is a professional forager who studied with noted forager Dick Deureling.  He write articles, makes wild edible videos and started his Florida based website in 2008.  His goal is to help people who want to know more about foragebles to enjoy the process and be safe while doing so. He is the author of two published books, an award-winning writer and photographer, a member of MENSA and professional musician.
ECHO exists to reduce hunger and improve lives through agricultural training and resources. A non-denominational Christian organization, ECHO has regional impact centers around the world working to connect small-scale farmers, and those working to eliminate world hunger, with essential resources, and each other. The ECHO international headquarters is located on a tropical agriculture demonstration farm in North Fort Myers, Florida.


Ecoport is a nonprofit corporation incorporated in 2003, "to create an educational service that manages knowledge as a global public good and in a manner that makes educational material freely available to the general public." The founding, and operating, consortium members are the University of Florida (UF), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) of the Smithsonian Institution (SI)
EDIS - Electronic Data Information Source UF/IFAS EDIS publications. EDIS is the Electronic Data Information Source of UF/IFAS Extension, a collection of information on topics relevant to you

Encyclopedia of Life

Our Vision: Global access to knowledge about life on Earth.
Our Mission: To increase awareness and understanding of living nature through an Encyclopedia of Life that gathers, generates, and shares knowledge in an open, freely accessible and trusted digital resource.


eXtension is an Internet-based collaborative environment where Land Grant University content providers exchange objective, research-based knowledge to solve real challenges in real time.

Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
  Fairchild is dedicated to exploring, explaining and conserving the world of tropical plants. We are one of the premier conservation and education-based gardens in the world and a recognized international leader in both Florida and international conservation.

Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden
Virtual Herbarium

The Virtual Herbarium is a text and photographic database of the specimens in the Fairchild Tropical Garden Herbarium. The FTG herbarium now incorporates the Florida Atlantic University herbarium as well as the Buswell collection from the University of Miami. There are currently 80,000 records that are seachable by family, genus, collector and other fields. 30,000 of these records have high resolution photographs of the specimen in a format that can be zoomed in and out in the browser.

Featured Creatures

The site is a cooperative venture of the University of Florida's Entomology and Nematology Department and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services' Division of Plant Industry.

FFTC - Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region

FFTC IS A Regional Information Center with the mission to collect and disseminate practical and technical information in agriculture, toward contributing to the achievement of increased output and higher incomes for small-scale farmers.


Yahoo provides users with access to a rich collection of resources, including various communications tools, forums, shopping services, search services, personalized content and branded programming through its network of properties.
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry The mission of the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services is to safeguard the public and support Florida's agricultural economy.


Floridata is a photographic encyclopedia of landscape plants, an online plant & nature reference, and a gardening marketplace.

Florida Foundation Seed Producers

Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc. (FFSP) is a non-profit corporation and direct support organization of the University of Florida. FFSP works closely with the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station (FAES), an agricultural and natural resources research program of the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS).

Florida's Online Composting Center

Florida Backyard Composting Tutorial and Information Website. Composting is the breakdown of organic materials by microorganisms. Sounds complicated? It's not. Anybody can compost, even apartment dwellers. All you need is a little space, water, air, some organic material and the desire.

Florida State Horticultural Society

Since 1888, we are the oldest horticultural society in the United States. Enjoy 100 years of Proceedings, our quarterly newsletter, conferences, job postings and much more.

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

As the lead UN agency for food security, FAO offers a large range of related publications and e-products in different languages. Topics include food and nutrition, natural resources and agricultural systems, economic and social development. database, started in 1992, developed as a tool to identify plant species for given environments and uses, and as an information system contributing to a Land Use Planning concept.


Encyclopedia of the edible fruits of the world. Initiated, coordinated and edited by Dr. Chiranjit Parmar.
Fruit Lover's Nursery Located on the Big Island of Hawaii, this company exports fruit tree seeds.
Fruitscapes Tropical Fruit Management Program University of Florida IFAS

Fruit Species

The fruit blog with full photos and descriptions of all the fruits around the world, including exotic fruits and rare fruits and fruits used as vegetables, beans, nuts and spices.

Fruits of Warm Climates

1987. Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL.
Purdue University Center for New Crops and Plant Products

Fruitwise Heritage Apples

Stephen and Julia Hayes' web site is to promote heritage apples through videos on pruning and grafting.

Gardeners of Southwest Florida
Gardeners of Southwest Florida is an organization of over 750 families living around Naples and Fort Myers, Florida. Membership and classes are free. The group's extensive web site gives full details about all upcoming classes which are taught by experts in edible gardening and related topics. - Plant & Garden Wiki Encyclopedia. Is a complete plant and garden wiki encyclopedia.


A home and garden website with forums and blogs about gardening. Find 'zone' buddies, locate plant societies, clubs, botanical gardens and more!

GBIF - Global Biodiversity Information Facility
GBIF's vision: "A world in which biodiversity information is freely and universally available for science, society and a sustainable future."

Growing Fruit Forum

Scott Smith, of Maryland, USA, started this forum dedicated to all forms of discussion about fruits and nuts in February 2015.

Growquest Nursery  

Chris Gilcrest  of Growquest is in the process of creating the largest library of videos of any retailer of land based or internet grower or retailer plant material. There are videos about how to plant, prune and care for the plants they sell.

Ken Love is the executive director of Hawaii Tropical Fruit Growers. (HTFG) is a nonprofit organization,incorporated in 1989, with the primary purpose of promoting the interests of any and all aspects of tropical fruit in the State of Hawaii. Ken Love's site has data on hundreds of Hawaiian grown tropical fruit.

Hawaii Home Grown Food Network

Ho'oulu ka 'Ulu--Revitalizing Breadfruit. Ho'oulu ka 'Ulu is a project to revitalize 'ulu (breadfruit) as an attractive, delicious, nutritious, abundant, affordable, and culturally appropriate food which addresses Hawai'i's food security issues. Ho'oulu ka 'Ulu is a project of the Hawaii Homegrown Food Network and the Breadfruit Institute of the National Tropical Botanical Gardens. It is a nonprofit organization.

Hawaii Plant Disease

Information resources for pests and diseases of plants in Hawaii. University of Hawaii at Manoa (CTAHR/PEPS)


The mission of the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is to provide technology, methods, and information to decision-makers, resource managers, and the general public to help support effective science-based management of harmful non-native species in Hawaii and the Pacific.

The Garden Info Portal

Hortipedia is a free information platform that specializes in all that concerns plants and gardening. The initiator of the project is Catherina Ruffing Countess Bernadotte af Wisborg, a german landscape designer who wanted to offer one single site on the internet that offers a comprehensive and in-depth guide to "all things green".

Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms
A Resource for Pests and Diseases of Cultivated Palms. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service, Division of Plant Industry and Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA; Fort Collins, CO.

India Biodiversity

The Portal aims to provide open and free access to biodiversity information. The portal enables widespread participation by all citizens in contributing to and accessing information on Indian biodiversity. We believe such open access benefits science and society, and contributes to sustainable future.

International Journal of Drug Development and Research

The International Journal of Drug Development and Research (IJDDR) is an international peer review quarterly, scientific and professional journal emphasizing quality pharmaceutical discoveries and innovations.

IPNI - International Plant Names Index

The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes. Its goal is to eliminate the need for repeated reference to primary sources for basic bibliographic information about plant names.
IPNI is the product of a collaboration between The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, The Harvard University Herbaria, and the Australian National Herbarium.


Instructables is a place that lets you explore, document , and share your creations. Instructables was officially spun out of Squid Labs in the summer of 2006, and has gone on to grow from a modest hundreds of projects to over one hundred thousand. The community that now calls the site home, is an amazing mix of wonder from around the world.

International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet)

International Tropical Fruits Network (TFNet) in collaboration with the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) has developed this “Global Information on Tropical Fruits”so as to improve the productivity of the tropical fruit industry, enhance the quality of tropical fruits and expand the tropical fruit trade internationally.
Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States The Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States is a collaborative project between the National Park Service, the University of Georgia Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, the Invasive Plant Atlas of New England and the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. The purpose of the Atlas is to assist users with identification, early detection, prevention, and management of invasive plants.

Just Fruits and Exotics

A family owned retail nursery and mail order business. They offer many fruit varieties suited for South Florida and also specialize in University of Florida introductions.

Kansas State University Extension Entomology
An integrated pest management approach is used in providing the public with programs and information on insects and other arthropods of importance to field and horticultural crops, livestock, stored grain, residential environs, and human health.

Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service

Our mission, simply stated, is to make a difference in the lives of Kentucky citizens through research-based education. Jointly with our other land-grant partner, Kentucky State University, we take the University to the people in their local communities, addressing issues of importance of all Kentuckians.

Kentucky State University Pawpaw Program

Kentucky State University has the only full-time pawpaw research program in the world as part of the KSU Land Grant Program. Pawpaw research efforts are directed at improving propagation methods, developing orchard management recommendations, conducting regional variety trials, understanding fruit ripening and storage techniques, and germplasm collection and characterization of genetic diversity.

Kew Royal Botanic Gardens

Within these pages you will find online databases, publications, bibliographies and other scientific information resources about plants and fungi.

Knowledge Master

Knowledge Master contains general information on pest hosts, distribution, damage, biology, and management in the form of pest summaries. Extension Entomology & University of Hawaii-CTAHR Integrated Pest Management Program.

Landscape Plants

Landscape Plants is the University of Florida Environmental Horticulture Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences website of Edward F. Gilman, Professor, Environmental Horticulture Department.

Lee Reich

Formerly a fruit researcher for the United States Department of Agriculture and Cornell University, Lee Reich, PhD, is currently a garden writer and consultant. His farmden is a test site for innovative techniques in soil care, pruning, and growing fruits and vegetables. A farmden is more than a garden and less than a farm, a unique distinction. His website offers videos, a weekly blog and information via his consultations, workshops, lectures and books.

Lychees Online

A very comprehensive website about lychee, articles, growing information and sale of assorted lychee trees and products.

Mark's Fruit Crops

Mark Rieger is a Professor of Horticulture at the University of Georgia, and has been involved in graduate and undergraduate teaching for over 14 years. Mark also gives the annual Master Gardener training sessions in fruit culture and tree pruning at the State Botanical Garden of Georgia, and conducts research on fruit crop physiology and culture.

Maguire, Ian University of Florida /IFAS/Tropical Research Education Center

Biological Scientist, University of Florida, IFAS, Tropical Research and Education Center, Homestead, FL Department of Plant Pathology, Florida Extension Plant Diagnostic Clinic

Malpighiaceae website

Website based on the work of W. R. Anderson and C. Anderson (University of Michigan) and C.C. davis (Harvard University) and features illustrations by botanical artist Karen Douthit. The emphasis is on nomenclature and generic relationships.

Mediterranean Fruits

Book by J. Tous and L. Ferfuson. 1996, J. Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Arlington, VA. Purdue University Center for New Crops and Plant Products

RFCI - Miami Rare Fruit Council International
The RARE FRUIT COUNCIL INTERNATIONAL (RFCI) , founded in 1955 with headquarters in Miami, Florida, is the premier organization dedicated to the education, introduction, and promotion of rare tropical fruits. TROPICAL FRUIT NEWS, a monthly magazine devoted to current and topical information regarding tropical fruits.

MREC - Mid-Florida Research and Education Center

The University of Florida Mid-Florida Research & Education Center (MREC) offers Research, Teaching, and Extension programs centered on environmental horticulture, vegetable, and fruit crops.

Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture

MISA is a unique partnership between the University of Minnesota's College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences, University of Minnesota Extension, and the Sustainers' Coalition, a group of individuals and community-based nonprofit organizations.

Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database

The distributed database Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database and closely related sites by Michel H. Porcher. Published by The University of Melbourne.

National Garden Writers Association

GWA is a non-profit association which provides leadership and opportunities for education, recognition, career development, and a forum for diverse interactions for professionals in the field of garden communication.

Neem Tree Farms

Established in 1992, Neem Tree Farms is now the oldest and largest independent producer of neem trees and products in the U.S. We offer a complete line of products for people, pets and plants, including more all-natural products.

Neglected Crops

1492 from a Different Perspective. 1994. J.E. Hernándo Bermejo and J. León (eds.). Plant Production and Protection Series No. 26. FAO, Rome, Italy.

National Tropical Botanical Garden

The mission of the National Tropical Botanical Garden is to enrich life through discovery, scientific research, conservation, and education by perpetuating the survival of plants, ecosystems, and cultural knowledge of tropical regions.

New Crop ™

The Web site of the Center for New Crops & Plant Products, at Purdue University. NewCROP provides windows to new and specialty crop profiles.

North American Moth Photagraphers at the Mississippi Entomological Museum
The Moth Photographers Group exists as a non-profit, self-help organization for the purpose of aiding nature photographers and others in the identification of moths. The ultimate aim of the organization is to make available on the Internet photographs of a high percentage of the moths occuring in North America.

North Carolina State Extension

The largest outreach program at North Carolina State University. Based in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

Oregon State University Extension Service

The Oregon State University Extension Service celebrates over 100 years of educational outreach. From the beginning, OSU Extension's mission has been to convey research-based knowledge in a way that is useful for people to improve their lives, their homes, and their communities.

Ohio state University Agricultural Research and Development Center

OARDC is a premier institution committed to safe, healthy, and affordable food and agricultural products; sustainable food and agricultural systems; strong rural and urban communities; stewardship of natural resources and the environment; keeping Ohio positioned favorably in a global economy.

Palmpedia was conceived with the ambitious goal of becoming the powerful and detailed "up to the minute" palm and plant database of the future. Being organized and maintained on a wiki platform will allow all of the information to be easily accessible for editing, updating, and constant improvement by any Palm Enthusiast.

Jack 'The Wonder Fruit". CARD-Krishi Vigyan Kendra is the Farm science Centre of ICAR for Pathanamthitta District of Kerala, India. It's goal is the popularization of Jackfruit as a wonderfuit. To be a knowledge -resource center to all the people interested in our endeavor.

A site dedicated to growing, education, and use of Diospyros virginiana L., the common, or American persimmon.

Southern Illinois University

PhytoImages, the "sister node" to, this database is maintained by Dan Nickrent at Southern Illinois University. Over 3000 images and growing!, is served from Southern Illinois University Carbondale, USA. The webmaster and head curator of the site is Dan Nickrent with major contributions from the other curators: Pieter Pelser, Julie Barcelona (both University of Canterbury, NZ), and Mihai Costea (Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada).

Peterson Pawpaws

Neal Peterson developed a passion for pawpaws while he was studying for his master's degree in plant genetics at West Virginia University in 1975. He has dedicated the last 20 years to his pawpaw breeding program. In 1998, he released to the public six outstanding varieties from among the 1500+ open-pollinated seedlings that he raised in his orchards, after 18 years of careful evaluation. They are protected by plant patents in the US and available through seven nurseries.


All images and videos on Pixabay are released free of copyrights under Creative Commons CC0. You may download, modify, distribute, and use them royalty free for anything you like, even in commercial applications. Attribution is not required.

Plant Illustrations

Plant Illustrations is a website with an extensive collection of botanical illustrations. It provides information, like old prints, monographs or long forgotten inaccessible illustrations.

Plants For A Future

Plants For A Future (PFAF) is a charitable company; a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants


ProMusa is a knowledge-sharing platform on bananas* managed by Bioversity International through funding from the CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas. It brings together scientists and other stakeholders working on banana, with the ultimate goal of helping banana farmers make a better living and ensuring that bananas – in all their diversity – continue to thrive in a healthy environment.

Community Invasive Species Network

The Community Invasive Species Network (Protect U.S.) is concerned with protecting the U.S. from exotic, invasive species. Protect U.S. is a collaborative partnership between the National Plant Diagnostic Network (NPDN), Regional Integrated Pest Management Centers (IPM), United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine (USDA-APHIS -PPQ), National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA-NIFA), the National Plant Board (NPB), your local Land Grant University Cooperative Extension Service, and other organizations involved in exotic species extension and regulatory activities.

Purdue University Cooperative Extension

Purdue Extension is a service tailored to meet the needs of Indiana, needs we know firsthand. Our educators, specialists, and volunteers live and work in all 92 Indiana counties. We provide the link between Land Grant research and Indiana citizens.
Purdue University Newsroom
News topics about academics, research and special events

Quisqualis Rare Fruit, Tropical Fruit and Rare Plant Information

For those who want to learn about rare and exotic plants with an emphasis on rare fruit. Information on finding, growing, conserving and using rare fruit and uncommon plants. Translated from the Latin, Quisqualis means Who? What? A fine definition of curiosity. That is what this site is about, curiosity. Can I find it? Can I make it work in my life? How do they do it "there"? How can I make or find or do ...? Not a bad approach, but it could be daunting.

Rare Fruit Society of South Australia Inc

The objectives of the Society are the development and promotion of interest in and understanding of the propagation, preservation and cultivation of rare and unusual food trees and plants.

Research Gate
ResearchGate is built by scientists, for scientists.
Founded in 2008 by physicians Dr. Ijad Madisch and Dr. Sören Hofmayer, and computer scientist Horst Fickenscher, ResearchGate today has more than 11+ million members.

River Road Farms
Peter A. Thevenot

River Road Farms. The Finest Espaliered Trees Available, Trained in the European Tradition. "Every tree we train is inspired by the work of Father Legendre of Hanonsville, France, who is credited with pioneering this horticultural art form in 1684. Our passion runs deep and remains true to the spirit and techniques that were developed by him". Peter A Thevenot, Espalier Master

Root Simple

Root Simple is about back to basics, DIY living, encompassing homegrown vegetables, chickens, herbs, hooch, bicycles, cultural alchemy, and common sense. We're always learning, figuring stuff out, taking advantage of the enormous smarts of our friends and our on-line community, and trying to give some of that back in turn. Root Simple is a gathering place for everyone.


ScholarSpace is an open-access, digital institutional repository for the University of Hawaii at Manoa community. ScholarSpace stores the intellectual works and unique collections of the UH at Manoa academic community and also provides a permanent web location for those accessing these resources.

School of Forest Resources & Conservation

The SFRC is part of the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences with four missions: undergraduate education, graduate education, research and extension. Since 1937, the SFRC has been developing new knowledge and educating students and citizens about the sustainable management and conservation of natural resources.

Selec Tree - UFEI - Urban Forest Ecosystem Institute

UFEI - Urban Forest Ecosystem Institute at Cal Poly. SelecTree: a Tree Selection Guide is an interactive program designed to help you select appropriate trees. It will match trees to particular sites based on compatible characteristics. SelecTree is maintained by the Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute at Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo.

Smithsonian Natural Museum of Natural History

The National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) is part of the Smithsonian Institution, the world’s preeminent museum and research complex. The Museum is dedicated to inspiring curiosity, discovery, and learning about the natural world through its unparalleled research, collections, exhibitions, and education outreach programs. The Botany Collection.
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institution (STRI) in Panama, is a bureau of the Smithsonian Institution based outside of the United States, is dedicated to understanding biological diversity.
What began in 1923 as small field station on Barro Colorado Island, in the Panama Canal Zone, has developed into one of the leading research institutions of the world. STRI’s facilities provide a unique opportunity for long-term ecological studies in the tropics.

Southern Illinois University Department of Plant Biology

Daniel L. Nickrent , Professor Emeritus, Department of plant Biology, maintains four websites: Darwin Week, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines, The Parasitic Plant Connection and PhytoImages.

Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry
Agroforestry Net, Inc. is a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing educational resources about agroforestry, trees, and sustainable stewardship of land and water. This web site provides home growers, farmers, extension agents, and researcher information resources for learning more about agroforestry.

Starr Environmental

In 1997, Kim and Forest Starr entered the conservation industry, working as Biologists for the University of Hawaii, and doing environmental consulting as Starr Environmental. They have created and maintain the Birds of Hawaii website, the Insects of Hawaii website and the Plants of Hawaii website.

Sub-Tropical Fruit Club of Qld Inc.

Queensland, Australia. Our club promotes the growing and use of rare, unusual, and common types of fruit trees, bush food, and vegetables. This website contains information about the club, such as how to join, as well as lots of information about many of the plants we promote. Enjoy!

The Chocolate Review Australia

The aim of Chocolate Review is to provide the most accurate information on the Internet about all aspects of cocoa and chocolate. This information is based on solid science and practical experience, not on wishful thinking or corporate propaganda. Follow Samantha Madell on the Tava Chocolate Blog. The company name is Tava.

The Free Library

Since 2003, The Free Library has offered free, full-text versions of classic literary works from hundreds of celebrated authors, whose biographies, images, and famous quotations can also be found on the site.

The Master Gardening Bench

The Manatee County Extension Master Gardener's Monthly Newsletter online.

The National Adacemy Press

The National Academies Press (NAP) was created by the National Academy of Sciences to publish the reports of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, operating under a charter granted by the Congress of the United States. The NAP publishes more than 200 books a year on a wide range of topics in science, engineering, and medicine, providing authoritative information on important matters in science and health policy.

The Old Design Shop

The free clipart graphics and vintage images on The Old Design Shop blog come from a variety of public domain sources from my personal collection including: magazines, textbooks, calendars, label art, postcards, greeting cards and ephemera. These graphic images are in .jpg format and are available for download. The free clipart graphics and vintage images on The Old Design Shop blog come from a variety of public domain sources from my personal collection including: magazines, textbooks, calendars, label art, postcards, greeting cards and ephemera. These graphic images are in .jpg format and are available for download.

The Plant List

The Plant List is a working list of all known plant species. It aims to be comprehensive for species of Vascular plant (flowering plants, conifers, ferns and their allies) and of Bryophytes (mosses and liverworts).
Collaboration between the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden enabled the creation of The Plant List by combining multiple checklist data sets held by these institutions and other collaborators. The Plant List provides the Accepted Latin name for most species, with links to all Synonyms by which that species has been known.

The Plant Observatory

Kwan lives in Singapore. "This website went live on 5th July 2007. The idea is to set up a plant pictorial database to archive the photos I have taken, with their names arranged in some kind of order. The website has an archive of 12,166 pictures of 1695 plants in the main plant pictorial database. In March 2011, I decided to gradually share some of these minibeast pictures in a separate section of pictorial database called The Minibeast Observatory.

The World of Hibiscus

A website by Wally Ganmor on the culture and propagation of hibiscus in Queenlands, Australia.

Top Tropicals

Rare tropical plants for the home and garden. Garden center in Fort Myers and on line tropical fruit nursery.

Trade Winds Fruit

Over a decade in business bringing gardeners rare and exotic edible, heirloom and ornamental seeds from around the world. Growing out of our own love of plants and gardening, we have strived to bring exceptional variety and excitement to our catalog of seeds. From our family to yours, we hope to share the passion of growing and discovery.
Trees For Me TreesForMe, a resource for information on North American native trees

Tropical Fruit Forum

International Tropical Fruit Growers.

Tropical Fruit Growers of South Florida

Our association is composed of a group of tropical fruit growers and enthusiasts who have come together to educate the public about the great tasting tropical fruits that Florida produces,and to fund research in growing these exotic fruits.

Tropical Fruit News Magazine

Tropical Fruit News Magazine is the official publication of the Miami Rare Fruit Council Inc. (RFCI)

Tropicos ®

Tropicos®, Missouri Botanical Garden, was originally created for internal research but has since been made available to the world’s scientific community. All of the nomenclatural, bibliographic, and specimen data accumulated in MBG’s electronic databases during the past 30 years are publicly available here. This system has nearly 1.3 million scientific names and over 4.4 million specimen records.
UC IPM University of California
Inegrated Pest Management Program
The University of California Statewide IPM Program (UC IPM) helps residents, growers, land managers, community leaders, and other professional pest managers prevent and solve pest problems with the least unintended impacts on people and their surroundings.

UCANR University of California Agriculture Natural Resources  

UCANR works hand in hand with industry to enhance agricultural markets, help the balance of trade, address environmental concerns, protect plant health, and provide farmers with scientifically tested production techniques and Californians with increased food safety.

University of California
Sonoma County Master Gardeners

The Sonoma County Master Gardener (SCMG) program has been extending information and providing technical assistance to home gardeners since 1981. They answer gardening questions and take a proactive role in extending information for community improvement.
Citrus Research and Education Center
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, CREC, Citrus Research and Education Center. With 200+ employees, CREC is home to the scientific research staff of the Florida Department of Citrus (FDOC). Facilities also include 600+ acres of groves, greenhouses, a fresh fruit packinghouse, a juice processing pilot plant and more than 40 laboratories.
University of Florida 4-H
University of Florida, School of Forest Resources and Conservation
UF/IFAS University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science

Assessment of Non-Native Plants

The University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science. Assessment of Non-native Plants in Florida’s Natural Areas uses literature-based assessment tools to evaluate the invasion risk of non-native species that occur in the state, new species proposed for introduction, and novel agricultural and horticultural selections, hybrids, and cultivars. Our overarching goal is to reduce non-native plant invasions in Florida and throughout the Southeast US for protection of natural and agricultural areas.

Gulf Coast Research Center

The mission of the University of Florida’s Gulf Coast Research Center is to develop and share new science-based information and technology that will help Florida's agricultural industry compete in a global marketplace.
Hillsborough County Extension
Berry Vegetable Times
The Berry Vegetable Times is a newsletter from the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, Hillsborough County Cooperative Extension Service.
Environmental Horticulture Landscape Plants
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, Environmental Horticulture Department.  Website by Dr. Edward F. Gilman, Professor, Environmental Horticulture Department.

Gardening Solutions

Gardening Solutions is a program of the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS). Gardening Solutions brings Florida homeowners and gardeners the best information about Florida-Friendly plants, sustainable landscape practices, and ways to beautify your yard and garden.

Horticultural Sciences

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science. The Horticultural Sciences Department of the University of Florida offer Undergraduate and Graduate programs, do research on plant growth and development and provide research-based recommendation for the commercial fruit and vegetable industry and the home gardener.
Hendry County Horticulture News
Collection of horticultural articles that have appeared in Gene McAvoy, director of the Hendry County IFAS Extension Service, garden columns over the years.
Horticultural Sciences
Stone Fruit Reserch
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, Stone Fruit Research Department.
Lee County Extension
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, Lee County Extension Horticulture Garden Home with Dr. Stephen H. Brown, Horticulture Program Leader Agent. Monthly gardening advice.
Miami-Dade County Extension 
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, Nassau County Extension staff conduct programs in 4-H and Youth Development, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Environmental Horticulture, and Family and Consumer Sciences.

Nassau County Extension

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science. Garden Talk (Q&A) with Rebecca Jordi, Horticulture Agent lll, County Extension Director and Contributing Editor. Extensive information given to questions about all areas of horticulture, from citrus, fruit/nut to herbs and spices.
Okeechobee County Extension 
University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, Okeechobee County Extension

Tropical Reseach Education Center

University of Florida Institute of Food and Agriculture Science, Tropical Research and Education Center. Research, teaching, and extension programs focus on tropical and subtropical fruit crops, tropical and temperate vegetable crops, and ornamental crops of southern Florida.

University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension

We use the results of scientific research, much of it conducted at the University of Arkansas system colleges and our research stations, to help you improve your life and your community. There is a lot of innovation and creation happening at the Extension Service and other land-grant universities across the United States, but it doesn't always make it out of the labs and into the public. We take the guesswork out of the research and present the science-based techniques to you in a way that's helpful in YOUR life.

University of Georgia, College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences

The CAES is one of the oldest and among the best U.S. colleges of agriculture. In its classrooms, its Agricultural Experiment Stations and its statewide network of UGA Extension offices, the faculty and staff of the CAES are dedicated to discovering, teaching and delivering the science required for healthy living to flourish in Georgia.

University of Georgia Extension

UGA Extension extends lifelong learning to the people of Georgia through unbiased, research-based education in agriculture, the environment, communities, youth and families. UGA Extension helps Georgians become healthier, more productive, financially independent and environmentally responsible.

University of Georgia Entomology

University of Georgia, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. Our programs encompass all levels of biological organization from the molecular level to ecosystems. In addition to training in modern methodologies of classical entomology, the Department has special emphasis areas in evolutionary biology, genomics, host pathogen relationships/vector biology, biotechnology, and applied ecology and integrated pest management.

University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources

The CTAHR creates and delivers knowledge that supports and strengthens families, agricultural and food systems, and the natural environment. We educate and serve the people of Hawai‘i and those from around the world with integrity and excellence.

University of Hawaii Botany Department - Manoa Campus Plants

This is a compilation mainly of plants found on the University of Hawaii-Manoa campus. It is excerpted from the course syllabus for Campus Plants (Botany 160) offered by the Botany Department. Some general information, family name, common name, genus, and species are provided for each plant included.

University of Vermont Extension
As Vermont's land-grant college, UVM offers a vast Extension outreach program for our friends across the state. Present in a dozen Vermont communities, Extension provides timely, research-based information and education for the families, communities and businesses of Vermont.

University of Wisconsin Extension

As Extension Agents, Educators and Specialists we strive to bring the research results of the University to the residents of Wisconsin to use in their own yards, gardens and communities.

United States Census Bureau, QuickFacts

The Census Bureau's mission is to serve as the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy. We honor privacy, protect confidentiality, share our expertise globally, and conduct our work openly.


USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential.

Useful Tropical Plants

The Useful Tropical Plants Database contains information on the edible, medicinal and many other uses of several thousand plants that can be grown in tropical regions. The database currently lists 10001 species.

US EPA Environmental Protection Agency

Conserving resources and managing materials and waste are national priorities. Learn the fundamentals of reducing waste, reusing materials, and recycling specific wastes, and access a variety of tools to promote these practices.

USDA-ARS Agricultural Research Service

The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) is the U.S. Department of Agriculture's chief scientific in-house research agency. Our job is finding solutions to agricultural problems that affect Americans every day, from field to table.

USDA southern IPM Center

Southern Region IPM Center sponsored by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, fostering the development and adoption of Integrated Pest Management in the South

USDA-NIFA National Institute of Food and Agriculture

NIFA's mission is to lead food and agricultural sciences to create a better future for the Nation and the world by supporting research, education, and extension programs in the Land-Grant University System and other partner organizations. NIFA doesn't perform actual research, education, and extension but rather helps fund it at the state and local level and provides program leadership in these areas.

USDA National Agricultural Library
Digital Collections

The NAL Digital Collections offers one avenue by which customers can use collection materials available in digital format, whether those materials originated in that format or were converted to it later.

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference

Under the USDA Agricultural Research Service, National Agricultural Library. Find nutrient information on over 8,000 foods. Search by food item, group, or list to find the nutrient information for your food items.

USDA-GRIN National Plant Germplasm System

Under the USDA Agricultural Research Service. NPGS is a cooperative effort by public (State and Federal) and private organizations to preserve the genetic diversity of plants. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN).

USDA National Resources Conservation Service

The Plant Materials Program selects conservation plants and develops innovative planting technology to address today's natural resource challenges and maintain healthy and productive farms and ranches.

USDA Plant Database

Under the USDA Natural Resouces Conservation Service . NRCF. The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.

USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection

The USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection documents fruit and nut varieties developed by growers or introduced by USDA plant explorers around the turn of the 20th century. Technically accurate paintings were used to create lithographs illustrating USDA bulletins, yearbooks, and other series distributed to growers and gardeners across America.
USGS United States Geological Survey

GECSC researchers conduct multi-purpose geologic mapping and topical scientific studies to address issues concerning geologic, climatic, ecosystem, and land surface changes; human interactions with the environment; and physical, chemical, and biological characterization of the Earth's surface and upper crust.

Vintage Printable

Vintage Printable at Swivelchair Media provides free vintage images, mostly scientific or naruralist illustrations.

Washington State University

The mission of Washington State University Mount Vernon is to serve the agricultural, horticultural, and natural resource science interests of the state through research and extension activities that are enhanced by the unique conditions of northwestern Washington: its mild, marine climate, rich alluvial soils, diverse small and mid-sized farming enterprises, and unique rural-urban interface.

Web Gallery of Art

The Web Gallery of Art is a virtual museum and searchable database of European fine arts from 11th to 19th centuries. Although not a conventional one, the collection is a searchable database supplemented by a glossary containing articles on art terms, relevant historical events, personages, cities, museums and churches.


Our Vision for Weedbusters: New Zealanders are aware of and taking action to reduce the impact of weeds on the environment, economy and human health.

Weekend Gardener Web Magazine

Weekend Gardener Web Magazine is written, designed, and produced by a talented team of garden professionals whose first and foremost goal in mind is to give our readers top quality gardening information.
Gac Research
University of Newcastle, Australia

Welcome to our web site "Gac research", the University of Newcastle, Australia.
Ourimbah Gac research currently involves a team of Research staff and PhD students in the University of Newcastle, Australia and NSW Department of Primary Industries (DPI), Australia.
WikiBooks The open-content textbooks that anyone can edit.


At WikiHow, a community of knowledge philanthropists are collaborating to create this world. We are driven by a shared passion to create a high-quality collection of how-to guides. We keep improving each article until we think it has become the single most helpful set of step-by-step instructions available on that topic anywhere.


Wikimedia is a global movement whose mission is to bring free educational content to the world. Through various projects, chapters, and the support structure of the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation, Wikimedia strives to bring about a world in which every single human being can freely share in the sum of all knowledge.

Commons Wikimedia

Wikimedia Commons is a media file repository making available public domain and freely-licensed educational media content (images, sound and video clips) to everyone, in their own language. It acts as a common repository for the various projects of the Wikimedia Foundation.


Wikipedia is the world's largest and most popular encyclopedia. It is online, free to use for any purpose, and free of advertising.
Wikispecies The free species directory that anyone can edit.

World Agroforestry Center

The World Agroforestry Centre combines excellence in scientific research and development to address global poverty, hunger and environmental needs through collaborative programs and partnerships that transform lives and landscapes locally and globally.

World Vegetable Center

An international nonprofit research and development institute, is committed to alleviating poverty and malnutrition in the developing world through the increased production and consumption of nutritious and health-promoting vegetables.
Founded in 1971 as the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center (AVRDC) with a focus on tropical Asia, today the work of the World Vegetable Center spans the globe.

Yard and Garden Rescue offers practical help for your yard and garden. Our goal is to help you obtain a beautiful yard or garden that is a comfortable living area both indoors and out.

Zimbabwe Flora
This site provides information about the flowering plants and ferns of Zimbabwe. This is a sister site to the Flora of Botswana, Caprivi, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia websites, which together cover the Flora Zambesiaca area.

Published 2013. Last update 5 Feb. 2018 KJ
© 2013 -
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