Excerpts from "An Espalier for Every Garden" from Taunton's Fine Gardening. Dec. 1999
by Peter Thevenot
Peter Thevenot, Espalier Master
Peter Thevenot's garden
cordon, the candelabra, and the Belgian fence are three designs that
the author has used effectively in his garden. The cordon and the candelabra are the easiest to master.
candelabra is a more dramatic espalier. Its height and design command
attention (photo, above). One adorns the entryway to our house, and
serves as the focal point in our side garden. It is 80 inches wide and
stands 81/2 feet tall, which is typical for this design. The space
between each branch is 16 inches. This spacing may look too wide when
the plant is young, but it fills in quickly as the tree matures.
Two tier candelabra spring
Fruiting three tier candelabra
Belgian Fence Technique
To divide our driveway from our side garden, we planted a Belgian
fence. This living wall functions as a see-through screen. Its real
interest occurs in winter when its bare branches display its unique
shape. Light and air pass through the diamond shaped gaps in all
seasons, and this design blends into our landscape well without seeming
as big and bulky as a stone wall or a wooden fence would.
|Fig. 4 |
Belgian fence in spring
|Fig. 5 |
Belgian fence in spring
|Fig. 6 |
cordon, with its horizontal tiers, is the most common espalier design
because it is so versatile. When used as a focal point, cordons
typically measure 6 feet tall by 6 feet wide, but their design can be
modified to fit into any space.
|Fig. 7 |
Three tier cordon
|Fig. 8 |
Fruiting three tier cordon
|Fig. 9 |
Four tier cordon
|Fig. 10 |
|Fig. 11 |
|Fig. 12 |
|Fig. 13 |
|Fig. 14 |
Illustrations by Beth Thevenot
|Fig. 15 |
Candelabra 2 tier
|Fig. 16 |
Candelabra 3 tier
|Fig. 17 |
|Fig. 18 |
Horizontal cordon 3 tier
|Fig. 19 |
Horizontal cordon 4 tier
|Fig. 20 |
Horizontal cordon 5 tier
|Fig. 21 |
|Fig. 22 |
|Fig. 23 |
Circle and arch cordon
|Fig. 24 |
|Fig. 25 |
|Fig. 26 |
Espaliered horizontal fruit tree
|Fig. 27 |
Espaliered S-shape fruit tree
|Fig. 29 |
Special cordon fruit tree
Espalier fruit tree at Standen, West Sussex, England
Belgian fence UBC Botanical Garden
|Fig. 32 |
Espalier UBC Botanical Garden
The art of Espalier Video with Peter Thevenot ext. link
River Road Farms an Espaliered Tree Nursery Tour Video
Espalier Systems for Fruit Trees by Flemming's Nursery pdf
Thevenot, Peter A. "An Espalier for Every Garden." espaliertrees.com. From Taunton's Fine Gardening. Dec. 1999. Web. 21 May 2014.
Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12,13,14 Thevenot, Peter A . N.d. espaliertrees.com. Web. 24 May 2014.
Fig. 16,23,24,25 Thevenot, Beth. Espalier Illustration Series. 2003. espaliertrees.com. Web. 24 May 2014.
Fig. 15 Thevenot, Beth. Espalier Illustration Series. 2004. espaliertrees.com. Web. 24 May 2014.
Fig. 17,18,19,20 Thevenot, Beth. Espalier Illustration Series. 2005. espaliertrees.com. Web. 24 May 2014.
Fig. 22,23 Thevenot, Beth. Espalier Illustration Series. 2008. espaliertrees.com. Web. 24 May 2014.
Fig. 26,27,28,29 KVDP. Espalier fruit tree forms. 2008. At a fruit treeform-test site near the castle of Gaasbeek. wikipedia.org. Web. 22 May 2014.
Fig. 30 Bould, Graham. Espalier fruit tree at Standen, West Sussex, England. 2006. wikipedia.org. Web. 22 May 2014.
Fig. 31,32 Robitaille, Liette. Belgian Fence. 2013. growables.org. UBC Botanical Garden. JPEG.file
Published 21 May 2014 LR. Last update 24 May 2014 LR